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Masterpieces  / Bibles

Text: Author: Family: Time:  
Initial Page to Genesis (Ref:2101)

Author:

Family: Bibles    Time: IX century

The arrangement of the Bible, as it is known today, with the sequence of its single books is the result of a long development. The fundamental and pathbreaking version of the Bible texts was the Latin translation and new revision, which in 382/83 Pope Damasus ordered to be compiled by Jerôme, scholar and later teacher of the church. Known as the Vulgate, this version was continuously revised and ‘purified’ throughout the centuries. During the ninth century, the scriptoria of Charlemagne played a special part in the history of efforts to achieve textual precision in manuscripts. In 781 Alcuin, whom Charlemagne had called from the Benedictine monastery of York, became responsible for the entire education program of the Empire and he was instrumental in realizing the Emperor’s endeavor.

The Apotheosis of Boethius (Ref:1153)

Author:

Family: Bibles    Time: X century

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius (CA 480-524), the Roman philosopher, writer and statesman during the time of the East Gothic invasion to Italy, belonged to a circle of responsible Romans of the nobility who offered their services as administrators and advisors to King Theoderic the Great, King of the East Goths, in order to re-establish Roman control in Italy. During the first period, Boethius became highly respected and he was successful in protecting some provinces and individual persons from the random access of the East Goths. But in the case of his friend, Counselor Albinus, who was politically accused, Boethius help became disastrous for himself. He was accused of committing high treason by aiming at a “free Roman State”. Without interrogation, he was imprisoned for years and condemned to death in 524 at Pavia.

Calendar Page Illustration the yearly cycle (Ref:1125)

Author:

Family: Bibles    Time: X century

This leaf, painted on one side, was, together with a second leaf, glued into the cover of a manuscript of the letters of St. Paul. The two single leaves must have originally belonged to a sacramentary which was written in the scriptorium of Fulda during the Ottonian period.
The figure of the god “Annus” (the year) dominates the centre and everything else is grouped around him: as an old, blind man he is enthroned inside a wheel which symbolises the eternal flight of time. Within the rim of the wheel is the inscription Bissena mensuum verticine volvitur annus ebdom (in a cycle of twelve months the year turns round in 52 weeks). In his right hand Annus holds the circle of the year and in his left hand a vine which connects the wheel to the seasons and personifications of the twelve months. Spring (ver) and summer (aestas), autumn (autumnus) and winter (hiemps), all with Phrygian caps, stand at the four corners around Annus. Spring and summer hold the breastplate of the day (dies) in their hands and autumn and winter are bound with a cloth while over and around her shines the starry sky. Spring is marked as floridus (with flowers), summer as frugifer (bringing fuits), autumn as fertilitis (fruitful), and winter as horribilis (horrible). The text over the centre reads Tercentenis bisque triceni quinque diebus (the year has 365 days).

Scenes From The First Book Of Moises (Ref:2105)

Author:

Family: Bibles    Time: XIV century

The Hamilton Bible - named after the earlier owner, the famous art collector Lord Hamilton - is an illustrated manuscript of outstanding quality containing almost 1000 pages. It was produced in Naples in the middle of the XIV century for the queen, Joanna of Anjou and her husband Louis of Taranto. There are also a number of other, stylistically related manuscripts known from this area; they are all decorated extremely luxuriously and display the highest level of artistic skill, such as the Statue Book of 1352 for the order of knights founded by Louis, l’Ordre du Saint-Esprit, today one of the most valuable manuscripts in the Bibliothèque Nationale (Ms.fr. 4274) in Paris.

The new Jerusalem (end of Revelation) (Ref:2106)

Author:

Family: Bibles    Time: XIV century

Vere Dignum Chapterhouse (Ref:1155)

Author:

Family: Bibles    Time: IX century

Maria in Jese (Ref:2107)

Author:

Family: Bibles    Time: XV century

       
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